When developing mobile apps, businesses target Android because of its massive market share in the world of mobile operating systems. Alphabet has made Android available as an open source mobile platform. In addition, it updates the mobile operating system at regular intervals with new features and enhancements. But the penetration rate of individual versions of the mobile operating system differs. When planning, developing, and testing the mobile app, they must focus on accessibility, functionality, performance, usability, and security to maintain user engagement, regardless of their choice of device. Android device. In addition, they must explore ways to ensure that the application provides a personalized user experience for different devices and different versions of the operating system. They must also address a number of common challenges to develop a robust Android application.
5 common challenges for Android app developers
1) Fragmentation of the software As mentioned earlier, the market share of different versions of Android differs. According to the latest data released by Google, the latest version of its mobile operating system – Nougat – has a lower market share than its predecessors – Marshmallow, Lollipop and KitKat. Each new version of Android has several new features and improvements. Developers must include specific features in the app to enable them to provide an optimal user experience by taking advantage of these new features. At the same time, they must also ensure that the application offers a rich and personalized user experience on devices with older versions of Android. Developers need to target multiple versions of Android to make the app popular and profitable in the short term.
2) Variable material characteristics Unlike other mobile operating systems, Android is open source. Alphabet allows device manufacturers to customize their operating system according to their specific needs. In addition, it does not regulate Android devices launched by various manufacturers. Therefore, the devices come with different hardware features although they are powered by the same version of Android. For example, two devices running Android Nougat may differ from each other in screen size, resolution, camera, and other hardware features. When developing an Android application, developers must ensure that it provides a personalized experience to each user by accessing all the hardware features of his device.
3) No uniform UI design process or rules Google has not published any common UI design process or rules for mobile app developers. As a result, most developers build Android apps without following any standard UI development process or rules. When developers create custom user interfaces in their own way, applications do not look and work consistently across different devices. The incompatibility and diversity of the user interface directly affect the user experience provided by the Android application. Smart developers opt for a responsive layout to keep the user interface consistent across many devices. In addition, developers need to test the user interface of their mobile application by combining real devices and emulators. But developers often find it difficult to design a user interface that gives the app a consistent appearance across different Android devices.
4) API incompatibility Most developers use third-party APIs to improve the functionality and interoperability of the mobile app. But the quality of third-party APIs available to Android app developers differs. Some APIs are designed for a particular version of Android. As a result, these APIs do not work on devices powered by different versions of the mobile operating system. Developers need to explore different ways to run a single API on different versions of Android. But they often find it difficult to make the app work properly on different Android devices with the same set of APIs.
5) Security breaches Its open source nature allows device makers to customize Android based on their specific needs. But openness and its massive market share have made Android vulnerable to frequent security attacks. In many cases, security flaws or defects such as Stagefright, mRST ‘Certifi-gate’, FakeID, Install Hijacking and TowelRoot have impacted the security of millions of Android devices. Developers must include robust security features in the application and use the latest encryption mechanism to protect user information despite targeted security attacks and Android security vulnerabilities.